The Monteverde Costa Rica Cloud Forest is one of the most famous conservation areas in Central America. It's a tropical rain forest but because of its altitude (1400 meters or 4.600 feet), it's called a Cloud Forest.
One of the cloud forest characteristic is the abundance of vegetation. Competition for growing space is so intense that trunks and branches are almost entirely covered epiphytes, lichens, liverworts, bryophytes and mosses. The epiphyte mats store moisture, which is especially important in the dry season (February to May). The lush cloud forest canopy is thus home to many species of insects, amphibians, and mammals which never even come down to the rainforest forest floor. Is a highland forest characterized by nearly 100% humidity throughout the year.
Most famous for being associated with the Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve, the tiny community of Monteverde is a small village located near the entrance of the cloud forest. Monteverde was founded by the Quaker community that migrated from North America to Costa Rica in the 1950’s. In town, which is actually Santa Elena, you'll find banks, drug store, a local hospital, book store, gas station, ATM machine, police station, post office, supermarkets, internet cafes, restaurants and much more.
The Monteverde Cloud Forest Biological Preserve was established in 1972 and it is a pioneer in environmental tourism. It's administered by the Tropical Science Center (CCT), a non-profit scientific and educational association in Costa Rica. The reserve covers 12.355 acres and is world famous for its extraordinarily rich cloud forest. This area was created to preserve the flora and fauna, as well as the water resources, and to conduct scientific studies and environmental education programs.